ANALYSIS OF SEAWEED FARMER PARTICIPATION IN THE ACTIVITIES OF EXTENSION IN BONTANG
Keywords:seaweed cultivators, characteristics, perception, motivation, participation, education
The participation seaweed cultivators that is high in counseling can improve the relevance of the implementation of the extension to the needs of seaweed farmers. There are many factors that influence participation in counseling seaweed farmers. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship and influence the characteristics, perceptions and motivations of the extension of the seaweed farmers’ participation level in counseling. The method used survey non-experimental design. Purposive sampling used to take the respondents. The respondents were 78 people. The independent variables consist of seaweed farmers’ characteristics, perceptions and motivations seaweed farmers against the extension, while the dependent variable is the seaweed farmers’ participation in counseling. Seaweed cultivators Bontang has the characteristics of an average age of 35 years, graduated from primary school with an income of Rp. 2,461,500.00, and have experience of 7 years. Seaweed farmers perceived level against the relatively strong education (79%), the level of motivation of seaweed farmers to extension as very strong (82%) and achievement levels of participation in extension activities is quite strong (60%). Results of correlation analysis Spearman show 1) there is a positive relationship between characteristics of the farmers seaweed with perception with r = 0.329, 2) there is a positive relationship between characteristics of the farmers seaweed with motivation with r = 0.118, 3) there is a positive relationship between perception and motivation to extension with r = 0.521. While the regression test results showed 1) the characteristics of the seaweed farmers significantly affect participation in counseling with a contribution of 19.2%, 2) perceptions toward counseling seaweed cultivators significantly affect participation in counseling with a contribution of 8.8%, 3) motivation seaweed farmers to extension no real effect on participation in counseling with a contribution of 2.9% and 4) jointly characteristics seaweed cultivators, perception and motivation towards counseling significantly affect participation in counseling with a contribution of 23.5%.